Cardiovascular Disease Hospital Abu Dhabi – Diagnosis & Treatment
Our center provides advanced and multidisciplinary care for the detection, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular problems in patients with active coronary heart disease or with a previous history of myocardial infarction.We also focus on prevention through testing, consultation and evaluation in order to identify potential risk factors, offer medical advice and provide methods for mitigating those factors.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
What is cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a group of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. It includes conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart failure, and stroke. CVD can develop over time due to various factors, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking.
What are the symptoms of cardiovascular disease?
The symptoms of cardiovascular disease can vary depending on the specific condition, but common symptoms include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, fatigue, dizziness, and palpitations. Some people may also experience swelling in the legs or feet, difficulty exercising, or a feeling of weakness or numbness in the limbs.
What are the risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease?
Several factors can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, including smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, diabetes, a family history of heart disease, and a sedentary lifestyle. Age and gender also play a role, as men over the age of 45 and women over the age of 55 are at increased risk of CVD.
How is cardiovascular disease diagnosed?
Diagnosing cardiovascular disease usually involves a physical exam, a review of medical history, and various diagnostic tests, such as an electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, or stress test. Blood tests may also be used to check for high cholesterol or other risk factors. In some cases, more invasive tests, such as a cardiac catheterization, may be needed to diagnose and treat the condition.
What are some common treatments for cardiovascular disease?
The treatment for cardiovascular disease varies depending on the specific condition and severity. Common treatments include medications such as blood thinners, beta blockers, and cholesterol-lowering drugs. Lifestyle changes such as exercise, healthy eating, and smoking cessation can also be effective. In more severe cases, surgical interventions such as angioplasty, stenting, or bypass surgery may be necessary.
What lifestyle changes can help prevent cardiovascular disease?
Several lifestyle changes can help prevent or manage cardiovascular disease, including quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular exercise, eating a balanced diet low in saturated and trans fats, managing stress, and limiting alcohol consumption. These changes can help reduce the risk of developing CVD and improve overall heart health.
Can cardiovascular disease be reversed?
While cardiovascular disease cannot be completely reversed, early diagnosis and treatment can help manage the condition and prevent further damage. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, exercising regularly, and eating a healthy diet can also help slow the progression of the disease and improve overall heart health.
Is a heart attack related to cardiovascular disease?
Yes, a heart attack is a common complication of cardiovascular disease. It occurs when blood flow to the heart is blocked, often due to a buildup of plaque in the arteries. Other complications of CVD include stroke, heart failure, and arrhythmias.
What tests can be done to assess my risk of developing cardiovascular disease?
Several tests can be done to assess the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, including a lipid panel to check cholesterol levels, a blood pressure test, and a glucose test to check for diabetes. An electrocardiogram (ECG) may also be used to check for irregular heart rhythms. Additionally, your doctor may ask about your medical history and lifestyle factors such as smoking and exercise habits to help determine your risk.